22 April 2011
19 April 2011
MODERN SCIENCE AND ISLAM
Sura Fussilat 41 Verse 53
ARABS WERE ILLITERATE
The Holy Prophet (salla' llaahu'alaihi wa sallam) did not go to any school. Arabia did not even have a Primary school run by Arabs. The Arabs were proud to be illiterate. They claimed they were born to wield swords and to wield the pen was the job of the merchant class. His uncle and grandfather, who were both uneducated, brought up the Prophet (Salla ‘llahu’ alaihi wa sallam. There was no contact with scholars of the time. Yet, the message that he delivered i.e. the Holy Quraan remains relevant and scientifically correct for all ages. The question is where did he get all the wisdom. Was he a genius?
When he was born, the Greco-Roman civilisation had its influence in the Arabian Peninsula. The cosmogony of Greco-Romans is that the earth is flat and the sky is in the form of a canopy, studded with lamps. This is a myth. On the other side of Arabia, there is Iran and India, the two great seats of culture and civilisation. Both held the same view. China had the same view. The Holy Prophet (salla' llaahu'alaihi wa sallam) did not come to teach Physical Science or Astronomy. But you will find in the Qur’aan, references to different Natural Phenomena to different Scientific problems. In these references you will find the Qur’aan absolutely modern, anti classical and hostile to the ancient thoughts of Mankind in that age. In connection with Cosmogony, the Qur’aan says:
Yasin Sura 36:40
Read any commentary or the Qur’aan even 1100 years ago.
Also (Ambiya: Sura 21 Verse 33)
How did the Prophet (Salla'llahu'alaihi wa sallam) know this? No observatory or laboratory was available to him. The Qur’aan says Fussilat Sura 41 Verse 53,
THE SUN MOVES
In modern history of Astronomy, unto Kepler, nobody knew that the sun moves. Until recently students of science were thought that, "the earth moves and the sun is stationary." Then science found, very recently, out the sun is moving constantly in a Horizontal line.
The Qur’aan says this:Yasin Sura 36 Verse 38
NOTE: The Arabic word for horizontal movement is Tajri
PAIRS IN HUMANS, PLANTS AND OTHER CREATION, The Qur’aan also speaks of pairs in Humans, Plants and other creation, which they did not know at the time
Yasin Sura 36 v.36
In the field of Botany, Male and female principle in plant life was discovered by a French Botanist towards the end of the 19th century and was established by an Indian Botanist, "Bose" in 1921. How did the Holy Prophet (salla' llaahu'alaihi wa sallam) know this?
PRINCIPLE OF PARITY
Modern physics also, has the "Principle of Parity"
The Atom is the Fundamental particle of all matter. In 1925 modern physics said that an atom is composed of a pair, male and female i.e. electron and proton. The Neutron is known as the "Marriage Officer", as a joke in scientific circles.
Another fact was that electrical current was unknown in those days. Today we know that the male is positive and the female is negative in electricity.
Dr. Keith L. Moore is a Professor of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. He is a world-renowned scientist and a distinguished researcher in the fields of anatomy and embryology; he has published more than 150 research articles, chapters and books in this field. A Muslim scholar, Abdul-Majeed Azzindani contacted Dr. Moore. He was asked to participate in a three-year study of around twenty-five verses of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (sayings of Muhammad (Salla’llahu’alaihi wa sallam) which speak about embryology, and to determine the their correspondence to modern scientific discoveries.
The Qur’aan and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (Salla’llahu’alaihi wa sallam) provide a very detailed description of the microscopic development of the human embryo from a mere sperm drop up to the stage of a completely formed human being. It is well known that microscopes were not developed until the sixteenth century AD, and even at that were very crude in design.
Zacharias Janssen is credited with having invented the compound microscope in about 1590. With it, remarkable scientific discoveries were made in the 17th and 18th centuries. The Dutch naturalist Anthony van Leeuwenhoek produced lenses powerful enough to prove that many tiny creatures are not spontaneously generated but come from eggs.
Before this period, theories on human reproduction ran rampant. Some scientist believed that the menstrual blood developed into the foetus.
Later on, a new theory was developed wherein the sperm drop was popularly believed to contain a completely developed miniature human (homunculus) which later grew to the size of a baby. The science of embryology as we know it today did not discover many of the detailed aspects of human development which are taken for granted today until only about thirty years ago, or 1973 to be precise.
Now we must ask the question: where did Muhammad (Salla’llahu’alaihi wa sallam) get such detailed knowledge of the microscopic development of the human embryo in the 6th century AD without a microscope, technical training, a laboratory of any kind, or even the ability to write his own name? The only logical conclusion is that it came from exactly where he claimed it did. From the one who created mankind, God Almighty! Prof. Moore has since given numerous lectures on the topic of embryology in the Qur’aan. He is quoted in one of these lectures as saying:
“It is clear to me that these statements must have come to Muhammad from God, or Allah, because most of this knowledge was not discovered until many centuries later. This proves to me that Muhammad must have been a messenger of God, or Allah.”
Islam in every dimension is unique, and the Qur’aan has to be expounded spiritually, practically and scientifically, as knowledge unfolds.
Point out these to Non-Muslims and bring them to Islam. Modern Tabligh should be undertaken with qualified missionaries. Modern civilization emphasizes only on Physical and no spiritual harmony exists. Defective thought in Islam today emphasizes only the spiritual and all other avenues are neglected. May Allah guide us to understand the Qur’aan and spread the message.
Updated and adapted FROM A LECTURE BY MOULANA FAZLUR RAHMAN ANSARI (Radiallahu anhu)
12 April 2011
The Madina II Collection
To see an image clearly, click on the thumbnail.
First mosque of Islam. Built by the Prophet [s] when he first migrated from Makkah to Madina. The Prophet [s] stayed here for 20 days while waiting for Imam Ali [a] to join him before entering Madina
Masjid Qiblatayn. On Mon. 15th Rajab 2 AH, while the Holy Prophet [s] was praying Dhuhr (afternoon prayer) here, he was directed by Jibrail to turn from Masjid al-Aqsa (Jerusalem) to the Ka'aba (Makkah)
Masjid Fath (mosque of victory) where the Prophet [s] prayed during the Battle of Khandaq. At the top of a mount, this is one of "the five mosques" around that area
Entrance to Masjid Fath
Front side of Masjid Fath (pic taken from halfway up the mount). Entrance is on right side of picture.
Salman al-Farsi mosque.One of "the five mosques" (khamsa masajid). This is at the foot of the mount leading to Masjid Fath
Masjid Salman. Entrance is behind. Up on top left is Masjid Fath. Behind the photographer is Masjid Umar, Masjid Ali [a] and Masjid Fatima [a]
Staircase leading to Masjid Ali [a]. One of "the five mosques"
At the entrance of Masjid Ali [a]
Entrance to Masjid Fatima [a]. One of the "khamsa masajid" (five mosques)
Entrance and prayer niche (mehrab) of Masjid Fatima [a]
Prayer niche (mehrab) of Masjid Fatima [a]
When Imam Ali [a] married the Prophet's [s] daughter Sayyida az-Zahra [a], they first lived in a house on this open ground facing the mihrab of Masjid Quba (that can be seen behind). Their house was near the palm tree and next to theirs was the house of the Prophet's companion Hudhaifa al-Yamani. The Saudi govt. have demolished both houses and leveled the ground.
Graves of Hamza (the Prophet's [s] uncle) and other martyrs of Uhud
Wall enclosure behind which martyrs of Uhud are buried
Right side is mosque of Uhud. Wall on the left is where martyrs (shuhada) of Uhud are buried
At the grave of Hamza and other martyrs of Uhud
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Martyrs of Uhud
This is the hill of Uhud that some Muslim archers abandoned for the sake of booty because of which several Muslims were martyred. At the back of the photographer is the gate of the enclosure where Hamza [a] and the other martyrs are buried.
Hamza, the uncle of the Prophet [s], was martyred at Uhud at the foot of this hill. Some say this is the reason why the rock at the foot of the hill is red in colour as compared to the rest of the hill.
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This is the back side of the enclosure where the martyrs of Uhud are buried. It was here that Jibrail brought the sword "Dhulfiqar" to the Prophet [s] who gave it to Imam Ali [a]
The small mosque ahead is the "maqam" (place of prayer) of the 4th & 6th Imam [a]. Behind the photographer is the enclosure where the martyrs of Uhud are buried.
When the Muslims returned from Uhud to Madina, some of them were severely injured. The Prophet [s] took the clay from this ditch and applied it on their wounds as "shifa" hence the concept of "khak-e-shifa"
Masjid Jum'ah. 2nd mosque of Islam and the place where the Prophet [s] conducted Salatul Jum'ah for the first time. This place is not to far from Masjid Quba, the 1st mosque.
The entrance to Masjid Jum'ah
The rubble infront of Masjid Jum'ah is where Masjid Zeraar was built by hypocrites to divide the Muslims. An ayat in the Qur'an commanded the Prophet [s] to demolish this "mosque". This is also the spot where Imam Husayn [a] bade farewell to his daughter Fatima Sughra and left Madina for the last time.
Masjid Fadheek. When the verse prohibiting intoxicants was revealed, some Muslims hid wine in a well here. To disgrace them, some hypocrites complained to the Prophet [s] about this. When the Prophet [s] opened this well, the wine had miraculously changed into vinegar. The well is shown below. Behind this mosque is the Garden of Fadak that the Prophet [s] had given his daughter Fatima [a]. This was usurped from her after his leaving this world.
The well in the mosque of Fadheek where wine turned to vinegar
Part of the Garden of Fadak (behind Masjid Fadheek)
"Bir-e-Ali" or the Well of Ali [a]. When returning from an expedition, the army of Imam Ali [a] once ran out of water. He dug this well from which water continues to flow even today. This place is not too far from Masjid Shajarah (Miqat)
This is the spot where Mubahala took place between the Ahlul Bayt [a] and the Christians of Najran. The Saudi govt. is building a mosque here that will be named "Masjid Banu Muawiya"! (picture shows mosque under construction - Apr. 97)
The rubble in this enclosure is where Masjid "Radd ash-Shams" once stood. The Saudi govt. have destroyed it. This is the spot where the Prophet [s] asked Imam Ali [a] to pray for the Sun to revert so that they may pray Salatul Asr.
The fort of Khaybar that Imam Ali [a] conquered against the Jews. Khaybar is over 100 kms outside Madina.
"Bayt al-Huzn" (The House of Sorrow) where Imam Zaynul Abidin [a] used to come and weep after the tragedy of Karbala. (The Bayt al-Huzn of Sayyida Fatima [a] has been completed demolished by the Saudi govt.). This house is in the garden of Salman, the Prophet's [s] companion. Salman was a slave working in this date farm before the Prophet [s] freed him.
"Bayt al-Huzn" of Imam Zaynul Abidin [a]. Coincidentally, the building in the background is a school called "Madrasah Husayn ibn Ali [a]"
This was once a well from which the Prophet [s] and his companions drew water to plant and water the date palms in the "Garden of Salman" - as the payment for freeing Salman "al-Muhammadi" from bondage. Behind it is the Bayt al-Huzn of Imam Ali b. al-Husayn [a]
This is the well from which Imam Ali [a] drew water to wash the Prophet's [s] body before burying him. The well is now closed. It is not too far from Salman's garden.
Masjid Ghamama. Also called Masjid Eid because the Prophet [s] prayed the Eid Prayers (salatul Eid) here. During a drought, the Prophet [s] once also prayed for rain here (salatul istisqa) - giving the "wasta" of his grandson Husayn b. Ali [a]
Masjid Shajarah. 'Miqat' (place where ihram is put on) for those going to Makkah for umra/hajj. All 14 ma'sumeen have used this mosque as a miqat. The mosque is also called "Abar Ali" by the local residents.
Masjid Ali [a]. Not to be confused with the smaller Masjid Ali [a] at "Khamsa Masajid". This mosque is where Imam Ali [a] led Salatul Jamaat after the Prophet's demise (when he was denied his right to the khilafa). The mosque is behind Masjid Nabawi, near Masjid Ghamama.
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The entrance gate to Masjid Ali [a]. (see previous pic.)
The university of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq [a]. This is the place where he taught different sciences to over 4000 students. The place has been neglected and is now sealed off. It is not possible to enter the building.
Inside structure of the university of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq [a]. This picture was taken through a crevice in the wall.
House of the Prophet's [s] wife Ummul Mu'mineen Mariya Qibtiya (the Coptic) who was also the mother of the Prophet's son Ibrahim. The place is now a neglected cemetery. Sayyida Mariya Qibtiya is buried here. It is believed that the 8th Imam's [a] mother is also buried here.
The white house with a blue top border is called "Bayt Bint al-Yahud". Sayyida Fatima az-Zahra [a] once attended the wedding of a Jewish lady here. The bride died and with the prayers of Sayyida [a], she came back to life.
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